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Bisaya Bloggers » 2005 » April

Apr 01 2005

CULTURAL AND HISTORICAL
This is an attempt to compile all lists of declared structures and sites in the Philippines and make it available to the public via the internet. It’s sad that our government agencies do not have an updated and consolidated list available on the net. At the same time, the National Museum and National Historical Institute, both under the National Commission for Culture and the Arts, maintain their own lists.

The list below is most definitely incomplete. If there are any additions or corrections to the list, please make a comment to this entry. If the heritage site you are adding hasn’t been declared, please comment in the other list.

Also check out the comprehensive online database of Philippine architectural heritage I’m building for the HCS. For natural heritage, click here.

UNESCO World Heritage Sites1. Baroque Churches of the Philippines

Ilocos Norte: Church of San Agustin (Paoay)

Ilocos Sur: La Asuncion de la Ñuestra Señora Church (Sta. Maria)
Iloilo: Church of Santo Tomas de Villanueva (Miag-ao)
Manila: San Agustin Church and Monastery (Intramuros)2. Historic Town of Vigan3. Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras

NATIONAL MUSEUM LIST

National Cultural Treasures
Ilocos Region
Burial Caves in Sitio Alabok, Cambali (Buguilin, La Union)
Cape Bojeador Lighthouse (Burgos, Ilocos Norte)
Saints Peter and Paul Church (Calasiao, Pangasinan)
San Agustin Church (Paoay, Ilocos Norte)
San Andres Apostol Church (Bacarra, Ilocos Norte)
San Guillermo de Aquitania Church (Magsingal, Ilocos Sur)
Mestizo Section (Vigan, Ilocos Sur)
Santa Catalina De Alejandria Church (Luna, La Union)
Cagayan Valley
San Carlos Borromeo Church (Mahatao, Batanes)
San Matias Church (Tumauini, Isabela)
San Raymundo de Peñafort Church (Rizal, Cagayan)
San Vicente Ferrer Church (Dupax, Nueva Viscaya)
Cordillera Administrative Region
Ifugao Rice Terraces (Banaue, Ifugao)
Mummy Caves of Alab (Bontoc, Mountain Province)
Mummy Caves of Kabayan (Kabayan, Benguet)
Mummy Caves of Sagada (Sagada, Mountain Province)
Petroglyphs of Alab (Bontoc, Mountain Province)
Stone Agricultural Calendares of Dap-ay Guiday in Besao (Bontoc, Mountain Province)
Santa Catalina de Alejandria Church (Tayum, Abra)
Central Luzon
San Andres Church (Masinloc, Zambales)
Santiago Apostol Church (Betis, Guagua, Pampanga)
National Capital Region
Bamboo Organ (Las Pinas City)
San Agustin Church (Intramuros, Manila)
Sta. Ana Site Museum (Sta. Ana, Manila)
Southern Tagalog: Calabarzon
Basilica of St. Michael (Tayabas, Quezon)
Immaculate Conception Church (Balayan, Batangas)
Our Lady of Assumption Church (Maragondon, Cavite)
Petroglyphs of the Rock-shelter (Angono, Rizal)
San Gregorio Magno Church (Majayjay, Laguna)
San Ildefonso Church (Tanay, Rizal)
Southern Tagalog: Mimaro
Cathedral of San Jose (Romblon, Romblon)
Bicol Region
San Juan Bautista Church (Tabaco, Albay)
Western Visayas
Petroglyphs in the Caves of the Tao’t Bato Area (Quezon, Palawan)
San Joaquin Church (San Joaquin, Iloilo)
Santa Monica Church (Pan-ay, Capiz)
Central Visayas
Patrocinio de Sta. Maria Church (Boljoon, Cebu)
San Agustin Church (Bacong, Negros Oriental)
San Isidro Labrador Church (Lazi, Siquijor)
San Pedro Apostol Church (Loboc, Bohol)
Eastern Visayas
Immaculate Conception Church (Guiuan, Samar)
Zamboanga Region
Relief Map of Mindanao (Dapitan, Zamboanga del Norte)
Fort Pilar (Zamboanga City)
Northern Mindanao
Immaculate Conception Church (Jasaan, Misamis Oriental)
San Juan Bautista Church (Jimenez, Misamis Occidental)
Caraga Region
Balangays in the Vicinity of Butuan (Butuan City, Agusan del Norte)
Autonomous Region for Muslim Mindanao
Karim Ul-Makhdum Mosque (Simunul, Tawi-tawi)

Intangible
Traditional Scripts from the Tagbanua/Palawan, Hanunoo and Northern BuhidIfugao Hudhud EpicMaranao Durangen Epic

Important Cultural PropertiesStone Bridges of Bohol Province

Chapel of the Holy Sacrifice (UP Diliman, Quezon City)

Archeological ReservationsSpecific Areas in Cagayan Valley and Kalinga-ApayaoSpecific Sections of Quezon, PalawanThe Balangay Complex in Butuan CityTabon Cave Complex, Quezon, Palawan

NATIONAL HISTORICAL INSTITUTE LIST

National Shrines
(Pambansang Dambana)

Aklan
Kalantiaw Shrine (Batan)
Antique
General Leandro Fullon National Shrine (Hamtic)
Bataaan
Mt. Samat National Shrine (Mt. Samat)
Batangas
Apolinario Mabini Shrine (Tanauan)
Bulacan
Casa Real Shrine (Malolos)
Camarines Sur
Jose Barlin Monument (Baao)
Cavite
Baldomero Aguinaldo Shrine (Kawit)
Corregidor (Corregidor Island)
Emilio Aguinaldo Shrine (Kawit)
Cebu
Liberty Shrine/Site of the Battle of Mactan (Lapu-lapu City, Mactan)
Ilocos Norte
Artemio Ricarte Shrine (Batac)
Gregorio Aglipay National Shrine (Batac)
Juan Luna Shrine (Badoc)
Ilocos Sur
Tirad Pass National Shrine (Del Pilar)
Iloilo
Balantang Memorial Cemetery Shrine (Jaro, Iloilo City)
Laguna
Paciano Rizal Shrine (Los Banos)
Rizal Shrine (Calamba)
Leyte
Leyte Landing Site (Palo)
Metro Manila
Andres Bonifacio National Shrine (Mehan Gardens, Manila)
Andres Bonifacio Shrine (P. Burgos cor Concepcion, Manila)
Fort Santiago Freedom Shrine/Dambana ng Kalayaan (Intramuros)
Intramuros and its Walls (Manila)
Libingan ng mga Bayani National Shrine (Taguig City)
Mabini Shrine (Pandacan, Manila)
Pinaglabanan Memorial Shrine (San Juan)
Quezon Memorial Shrine (Quezon City)
Rizal Shrine (Fort Santiago, Manila)
Tarlac
Capas Prisoners-of-War Memorial Shrine (Capas)
Southern Leyte
Limasawa Shrine (Limasawa)
Tawi-tawi
Shiek Karimol Makhdum Shrine (Tandu Banak, Sibutu)
Zamboanga del Norte
Rizal Shrine (Dapitan City)

National Historical Landmarks
(Pambansang Palatandaang Makasaysayan)

Ilocos Region
Bacarra Church (Bacarra, Ilocos Norte)
Cape Bojeador Lighthouse National Historical Landmark (Burgos, Ilocos Norte)
Old Casa Real and Provincial Capitol (Lingayen, Pangasinan)
Paoay Church (Paoay, Ilocos Norte)
Santa Maria Church (Sta. Maria, Ilocos Sur)
Cagayan Valley
Tumauini Church (Tumauini, Isabela)
Cordillera Administrative Region
Teodoro Brillantes House (Tayum, Abra)
Central Luzon
Abucay Church Historical Landmark (Abucay, Bataan)
Aquino Ancestral House (Concepcion, Tarlac)
Barasoain Church Historical Landmark (Malolos, Bulacan)
Birthplace of Pres. Diosdado P. Macapagal (Lubao, Pampanga)
Church of Baler Historical Landmark (Baler, Aurora)
Lubao Church Historical Landmark (Lubao, Pampanga)
Malolos Heritage Town (Malolos, Bulacan) Marcelo H. del Pilar Historic Landmark (Bulacan, Bulacan)

Pres. Ramon Magsaysay Historical Landmark (Castillejos, Zambales)

National Capital Region
San Agustin Church (Intramuros, Manila)
Zamora Historical Landmark (Pandacan, Manila)
Army and Navy Club Historical Landmark (South Boulevard, Ermita, Manila)
Elks Club Building Historical Landmark (Roxas Boulevard, Ermita, Manila)
Luneta Hotel Historical Landmark (Ermita, Manila)
Metropolitan Theater Historical Landmark (Liwasang Bonifacio, Ermita, Manila)
San Sebastian Church Historical Landmark (Quiapo, Manila)
Malacañang Palace Historical Landmark (San Miguel, Manila)
Mausoleo de los Veteranos de la Revolucion Historical Landmark (North Cemetery, Santa Cruz, Manila)
Mehan Gardens Historical Landmark (Manila)
Birthplace of Antonio Luna (San Nicolas, Manila)
Manila Hotel (Ermita, Manila)
Cry of Pugadlawin Historical Landmark (Bahay Toro, Quezon City)
Chapel of the Holy Sacrifice (UP Diliman, Quezon City)
P. Burgos Elementary School Historical Landmark (P. Burgos Street, Pasay City)
Birthplace of Felix Manalo Historical Landmark (Tipas, Taguig, City)
Southern Tagalog: Calabarzon
Bonifacio Trial House (Maragondon, Cavite)
Calamba Church Historical Landmark (Calamba, Laguna)
Casa Hacienda and its Environs, the Site of the Tejeros Convention (Rosario and Gen. Trias, Cavite)
Cuartel de Sto. Domingo (Sta. Rosa, Laguna)
Leon Apacible Historical Landmark (Taal, Batangas)
Marcela Agoncillo Historical Landmark (Taal, Batangas)
Miguel Malvar Historical Landmark (Sto. Tomas, Batangas)
Nagcarlan Underground Cemetery Historical Landmark (Nagcarlan, Laguna)
Pila Historical Landmark/Historic Town Center of Pila (Pila, Laguna)
Site of the Battle of Alapan Historical Landmark (Imus, Cavite)
Taal Historical Landmark/Historic Town Center of Taal (Taal, Batangas)
Taal Church Historical Landmark (Taal, Batangas)
Vicente Manansala Historical Landmark (Binangonan, Rizal)
Southern Tagalog: Mimaro
Batle Site of Pulang Lupa Memorial (Torrijos, Marinduque)
Cathedral of Boac Historical Landmark (Boac, Marinduque)
Bicol Region
Holy Rosary Minor Seminary Historical Landmark (Naga City, Camarines Sur)
Filipino-Japanese Friendship Historical Landmark (Mt. Isarog, Pili, Camarines Sur)
Quipayo Church Historical Landmark (Calabanga, Camarines Sur)
Wenceslao Vinzons Historical Landmark (Vinzons, Camarines Norte)
Western Visayas
Church of Santa Monica Historical Landmark (Pan-ay, Capiz)
Rosendo Mejica Historical Landmark (Iloilo City)
Dumangas Church Historical Landmark (Dumangas, Iloilo)
Ermita Chapel Historical Landmark (Dumangas, Iloilo)
Santa Barbara Church and Convent Historical Landmark (Santa Barbara, Iloilo)
Jaro Belfry Historical Landmark (Jaro, Iloilo City)
Miagao Church Historical Landmark (Miag-ao, Iloilo)
Molo Church Historical Landmark (Molo, Iloilo City)
Barotac Nuevo Church, Convent and Cemetery Historical Landmark (Barotac Nuevo, Iloilo)
Plaza Libertad National Historical Landmark (Iloilo City)
General Juan Araneta Historical Landmark (Bago City, Negros Occidental)
Silay City Historical Landmark (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
Gen. Aniceto Lacson Historical Landmark (Talisay City, Negros Occidental)
Negros Occidental Provincial Capitol (Bacolod City, Negros Occidental)
Cape Melville Lighthouse Historical Landmark (Cape Melville, Balabac, Palawan)
Iwahig Penal Prison and Farm Historical Landmark (Puerto Princesa City, Palawan)
Central Visayas
Silliman University Historical Landmark (Dumaguete City)
Church and Convent of Santo Niño (Cebu City)
Matilde Bradford Memorial Church Historical Landmark (Cebu City)
Sergio Osmeña House Historical Landmark (Cebu City)
Bank of the Philippine Islands Historical Landmark (Cebu City)
Casa Gorordo Historical Landmark (Cebu City)
Boljoon Church Historical Landmark (Boljoon, Cebu)
Church of San Guillermo de Aquitania Historical Landmark (Dalaguete, Cebu)
Church of Nuestra Señora de la Concepcion Historical Landmark (Argao, Cebu)
Bagacay Point Lighthouse Historical Landmark (Liloan, Cebu)
Baclayon Church Historical Landmark (Baclayon, Bohol)
San Pedro Apostol Church Historical Landmark (Loboc, Bohol)
Church of the Most Holy Trinity Historical Landmark (Loay, Bohol)
Lazi Church and Convent Historical Landmark (Lazi, Siquijor)
Eastern Visayas
MacArthur Landing Site (Palo, Leyte)
Maasin Church (Maasin City, Southern Leyte)
Zamboanga Region
Dapitan Plaza Historical Landmark (Dapitan City, Zamboanga del Norte)
Northern Mindanao
Fuerte de la Concepcion y del Triunfo Historical Landmark (Ozamiz City, Misamis Occidental)
Davao Region
Site of the Church of the Immaculate Conception of Tamontaka Historical Landmark (Cotabato City)
Autonomous Region for Muslim Mindanao
Torogan House (Pompongan-a-Marantao, Marawi City)
Shiek Karimol Mahkdum Mosque (Tubig Indangan, Simunul, Tawi-tawi)

National Heritage Houses

Ilocos Region
Syquia Mansion (Vigan, Ilocos Sur)
Central Luzon
Dayrit House (San Fernando, Pampanga)
Henson-Hizon House (San Fernando, Pampanga)
Hizon-Singian House (San Fernando, Pampanga)
Lazatin House (San Fernando, Pampanga)
Southern Tagalog: Calabarzon
Luz-Katigbak House (Lipa City, Batangas)
Ylagan-de la Rosa House (Taal, Batangas)
Goco Ancestral House (Taal, Batangas)
Western Visayas
Lopez Heritage House (La Paz, Iloilo City)
Roca Encantada Heritage House (Buenavista, Guimaras)
Victor Fernandez Gaston Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
Carlos Arceo Ledesma Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
Jose Benedicto Gamboa Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
Angel Araneta Ledesma Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
Benita Jara Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
Amelia Hilado Flores Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
Alejandro Amechazura Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
Jose Corteza Locsin Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
Augusto Hilado Severino Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
Severino Building/Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
Manuel Severino Hofileña Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
Claudio Hilado Akol Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
Manuel de la Rama Locsin Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
Felix Tad-y Lacson Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
Soledad and Maria Montelibano Lacson Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
Kapitan Marciano Montelibano Lacson Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
Vicente Conlu Montelibano Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
Maria Ledesma Golez Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
Jose Ledesma Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
Teodoro Morada Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
Generoso Reyes Gamboa Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
Digna Locsin Consing Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
German Lacson Gaston Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
Modesto Ramirez Hojilla (Carlos Javelosa Jalandoni) Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
Dr. Jose Corteza Locsin Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
Bernardino Lopez Jalandoni Ancestral House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
German Locsin Unson Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
Delfin Ledesma Ledesma Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
Central VisayasClarin Heritage House (Loay, Bohol)

Northern Mindanao

Macapagal-Macaraeg Heritage House (Iligan City, Lanao del Norte)

National Historical Site

Biyak-na-Bato Historic Site (San Miguel, Bulacan)
Fort San Felipe Historical Site (Cavite City, Cavite)
Rizal Park (Bagumbayan) Historical Site (Rizal Park, Manila)
Pamitinan Cave Historic Site (Sitio Wawa, San Rafael, Rodriguez, Rizal)
Birthplace of Claro M. Recto Historical Site (Tiaong, Quezon)

National Monument

Jose Rizal National Monument (Rizal Park, Manila)
Bonifacio National Monument (Caloocan City Rotonda)
Jose P. Laurel Monument (Santo Tomas, Batangas)

Classified Historic Structures

Colonial Churches and Other Houses of Worship

CRITERIA FOR THE IDENTIFICATION OF HISTORIC SITES AND STRUCTURESThe criteria used in evaluating potential entries in the National Registry of Historic Structures are as follows:1. Properties strongly associated with important historical events and illustrious Filipinos, of those whose owner had achieved an enduring contribution toward the enrichment of Filipino cultural heritage;2. Properties of architectural, cultural, historical and social significance, including those that depict the local aesthetic values of their builders and those related t a significant cultural-historical experience of the Filipino people;3. Properties that bear strong foreign architectural influence such as American, Spanish, or Japanese and those with strong evidences of an active political, social, economic and cultural relations with neighboring countries, e.g. Metropolitan Theater in Manila;4. Properties such as gates, walls, forts, towers, bastions, ramparts, parapets, bridges or palisades that stand out as monuments to the artistry, craftsmanship and industry of Filipino artisans and laborers who were responsible for their construction and serve as mute witnesses to the heroic spirit of the Filipinos of yesteryears;5. Properties which were the sites of the first establishments in the Philippines, such as the site where the first printing press was built, first commercial house, first theater, first school, first transportation office, etc.; and6. Groups of buildings or structures or a whole town that are given importance because of their setting and not due to their individual elements and characteristics.

CATEGORIZATION OF HISTORIC STRUCTURES

Under existing procedures, the framework adopted by the NHI in the evaluation of historical sites and structures for preservation consists of the following:

NATIONAL SHRINES: Historic sites or objects hallowed or honored for their history or association, e.g. the Rizal and Shrines and the Mabini Shrines;

NATIONAL MONUMENTS: Objects, natural features or areas of specific historic interest that are set aside by local or national government as public properties, e.g. the Rizal and Bonifacio Monuments, and the Walls of Intramuros;
NATIONAL LANDMARKS: Places or objects that are associated with an event, achievement, characteristics or modification that presents a turning point or stage in history;
NATIONAL HERITAGE HOUSE:
CLASSIFIED: Structures and sites not falling under any of the above categories are listed as classified and recorded in the NHI’s National Registry of Historic Structures

In the identification procedure, all structures must at least be fifty (50) years old to qualify for consideration.

Below are the designations in the National Museum framework:

«It is hereby declared to be the policy of the state to preserve and protect the important cultural properties and National Cultural Treasures of the nation and to safeguard their intrinsic value.»

~

EXCERPT FROM PRESIDENTIAL DECREE No. 374 AMENDING CERTAIN SECTIONS OF REPUBLIC ACT No. 4846, OTHERWISE KNOWN AS «THE CULTURAL PROPERTIES PRESERVATION AND PROTECTION ACT»

CULTURAL PROPERTIES: Old buildings, monuments,shrines, documents, and objects which may be classified as antiques, relics, or artifacts, landmarks,anthropological and historical sites, and specimens of natural history which are of cultural, historical, anthropological or scientific value and significance to the nation ; such as physical, anthropological, archaeological and ethnographical materials, meteorites and tektites; historical objects and manuscripts ; household and agricultural implements ; decorative articles or personal adornment; works of art such as paintings,sculptures, carvings, jewelry, music, architecture,sketches, drawings, or illustrations in part or in whole ;works of industrial and commercial art such as furniture, pottery, ceramics, wrought iron, gold, bronze,silver, wood or other heraldic items, metals, coins,medals, badges, insignias, coat of arms, crests, flags,arms, and armor; vehicles or ships or boats in part or in whole.
IMPORTANT CULTURAL PROPERTIES: Cultural properties which have been singled out from among the innumerable cultural properties as having exceptional historical and cultural significance to the Philippines, but are not sufficiently outstanding to merit the classification of «National Cultural Treasures»
NATIONAL CULTURAL TREASURE: A unique object found locally, possessing outstanding historical, cultural, artistic and/or scientific value which is significant and important to this country and nation.

NATURAL
National Parks and other Protected Areas

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